778 – Birth of Louis the Pious
Son of Charlemagne and Hildegard and succeeds his father as Holy Roman Emperor. He deals with the Scandinavians who raid the empire, and is politically involved with Scandinavian kings in neighbouring countries, such as Horik of Denmark.
1117 – Murder of Saint Magnus
Like their fathers Magnus and his nephew Hakon jointly rule over the Orkneys. When they fall out, they agree to a single duel to determine who will become sole jarl. Hakon betrays the agreement and has Magnus killed by his cook with an axe on the head. The saga is corroborated by the discovery of a skull with similar markings in St Magnus’s Cathedral in Kirkwall.