A burh is an Anglo-Saxon fortified enclosure. During the early Middle Ages, Alfred the Great organized the build of burhs as a defence against Viking attacks.
Linguistically the term burh developed into burg, burgh, borough and the affix -bury. Many synonyms exist in northern European countries.
- Beyond The Burghal Hidage, ‘The Burghal Hidage.’ University College London. Last Accessed 17 January 2016. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/burghalhidage/hidage ↩
- Stephen Pollington, ‘Burh.’ In: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology: Volume 1 edited by Clifford J. Rogers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010) pp. 267 [pp.266–267]. ↩
- Wikipedia, ‘Burh’. Last Accessed 17 January 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burh&oldid=716917851. ↩