A burh is an Anglo-Saxon fortified enclosure. During the early Middle Ages, Alfred the Great organized the build of burhs as a defence against Viking attacks. In the Burghal Hidage, 33 of these burhs have been listed.1 

Once they proved a success against the invaders, these burhs developed into administrative and commercial centres.2 

Linguistically the term burh developed into burg, burgh, borough and the affix -bury. Many synonyms exist in northern European countries.3

References


  1. Beyond The Burghal Hidage, ‘The Burghal Hidage,’ University College London. Last Accessed 17 January 2016.  ↩
  2. Stephen Pollington, ‘Burh.’ In: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology: Volume 1, edited by Clifford J. Rogers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010) pp. 267 [pp.266–267].  ↩
  3. Wikipedia, ‘Burh.’ Last accessed 17 January 2016.  ↩

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