8th Century
9th Century
10th Century
11th Century
12th Century
13th Century

8th Century

Date Description
star 2 April 742/47 Birth of Charlemagne, king of the Franks, Holy Roman Emperor.
monastery January, 770 Saxons destroy the church of Saint Lebuinus in Deventer, Frisia.
star 16 April 778 Birth of Louis I ’the Pious’ of France. Son of Charlemagne and Hildegard.
Lindisfarne photo 6 January 793 Raid on Lindisfarne.
cross 18 April 796 Death of Æthelred I, King of Northumbria.
cross 29 July 796 Death of Offa, King of Mercia.

9th Century

Date Description
coronation 25 December 800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in Rome.
star 8 September 801 Birth of Ansgar, a Frankish nobleman, later Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
cross 19 May 804 Death of Alcuin of York who was famous for his letters about the attack on Lindisfarne.
cross 8 July 810 Death of Pepin, son of Charlemagne.
coronation 13 September 813 Coronation of Louis the Pious as king of Francia.
cross 28 January 814 Death of Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor.
coronation 5 October 816 Coronation of Louis the Pious by Pope Stephen IV in Reims.
saint 17 July 819 Feast of Saint Kenelm of Mercia.
star 13 June 823 Birth of Charles II ‘the Bald’, King of the West Franks and Italy, Holy Roman Emperor.
battle September 825 Battle of Ellandun. Wessex v. Mercia.
star c. 830 Birth of Rurik, founder of the Rurik dynasty, Kiev.
comet 10 April 837 Halley’s Comet races past earth at the closest range ever.
star 13 June 839 Birth of Charles III ‘the Fat’, King of the West Franks and Aquitane,
King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.
battle 25 June 841 Battle of Fontenoy. End of the Carolingian civil war between Lothar I and
his brothers Charles the Bald and Louis the German. The latter win.
medieval document 14 February 842 The Oaths of Strasbourg.
Viking ship 24 June 843 Viking Raid on Nantes.
medieval document 10 August 843 Treaty of Verdun.
attack 29 March 845 Siege of Paris.
battle 22 November 845 Battle of Ballong. Bretons fights the Franks.
coronation 25 December 855 Coronation of Edmund the Martyr.
marriage 1 October 856 Marriage of Æthelwulf, King of Wessex and Judith of France.
cross 13 January 858 Death of Æthelwulf, king of Wessex.
marriage 13 December 862 Marriage of Baldwin I of Flanders and Judith of France.
medieval document 25 July 864 Edict of Pistres. Charles the Bald has a ‘swift-response’ cavalry against the Vikings.
cross 3 February 865 Death of Ansgar, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
battle 2 July 866 Battle of Brissarthe. The Franks fight a Breton-Viking army. The Breton-Viking army wins.
cross 21 March 867 Death of Ælla of Northumbria and Osberht of Northumbria.
cross 20 November 869 Death of Edmund the Martyr.
medieval document 8 August 870 Treaty of Meerssen. Division of the Carolingian empire among the heirs of Louis I’s.
battle 31 December 870 Battle of Englefield. Saxons v. Danes.
battle 4 January 871 Battle of Reading. Saxons v. Vikings.
battle 8 January 871 Battle of Ashdown. Saxons v. Vikings.
cross 8 January 871 Death of Bacsecg, Viking leader in Halfdan Ragnarsson’s army.
Old Basing river 22 January 871 Battle of Basing.
battle 22 March 871 Battle of Marton.
cross 23 April 871 Death of Æthelred I, King of Wessex.
coronation 25 December 875 Coronation of Charles the Bald as king of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.
cross 28 August 876 Death of Louis the German.
cross 6 October 877 Death of Charles the Bald.
coronation 8 December 877 Coronation of Louis the Stammerer as king of the West Franks.
cross 879 Death of Rurik, founder of the Rurik dynasty, Kiev.
Re-enactment battle February 880 Battle of Thiméon.
coronation 11 February 881 Coronation of Charles III ‘The Fat’, King of the West Franks as Holy Roman Emperor.
3 August 881 Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. The Vikings fight the Franks. This battle inspired
the famous Ludwigslied.
battle 11 April 882 Battle of Remich. Vikings fight the Franks.
battle 25 December 884 Battle of Norditi. Frisians v. Danish Vikings.
murder June 885 Murder of Godfred the Sea King, Duke of Frisia.
attack 25 November 885 Start of the Siege of Paris. Vikings v. Franks.
attack October 886 End of the Siege of Paris. The Vikings v. the Franks.
coronation February 888 Coronation of Odo I, King of the West Franks.
cross 30 June 888 Death of Æthelred, Archbishop of Canterbury.
battle September 891 Battle of Leuven, Dyle. East Franks v. Vikings.
cross 1 January 898 Death of Odo I, king of the West Franks.
Alfred the Great painting 26 October 899 Death of Alfred the Great, king of England.

10th Century

Date Description
coronation 8 June 900 Coronation of Edward the Elder, son of Alfred the Great.
battle 13 December 902 Battle of the Holme. East Anglian Danes v. Anglo-Saxon Kents.
battle 13 September 908 Battle of Ballaghmoon. Irish clans fight each other.
battle 5 August 910 Battle of Tettenhall (Wednesfield). The Anglo-Saxons fight the Northumbrian Vikings.
Death of Ingwær, King of Northumbria.
attack 20 July 911 Siege of Chartres. Rollo Lodbrok and his Viking army fights the Franks.
cross 12 June 918 Death of Æthelflæd, Lady of Mercia, daughter of Alfred the Great.
battle 14 September 919 Battle of Islandbridge. Native Irish v. Dublin-Vikings.
medieval document 7 November 921 Treaty of Bonn. Resolves the East-West Francia border conflict.
cross 15 June 923 Death of Robert I, King of the Franks.
cross 17 July 924 Death of Edward the Elder, King of England.
coronation 4 September 925 Coronation of Æthelstan I as King of England.
medieval document 12 July 927 Treaty between Scots and Anglo-Saxons.
cross 7 June 929 Death of Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders and daughter of Alfred the Great.
medieval document 2 July 936 Death of Henry the Fowler, King of East Francia.
coronation 2 July 936 Coronation of Otto I as King of East Francia.
battle 16 January 939 Proclamation of the Caliphate of Cordoba, Spain.
battle 1 August 939 Battle of Trans-la-Forêt. The Vikings fight the Bretons.
cross 27 October 939 Death of Æthelstan, King of England.
coronation 29 November 939 Coronation of Edmund I as king of England.
battle May 941 Rus’-Byzantine War. Igor I of Kiev fights the Byzantines. The Byzantines win.
cross 26 May 946 Death of Edmund I, King of England.
battle 10 August 955 Battle of Lechfeld. The East Franks fight off a Magyar invasion.
cross 2 June 958 Death of Oda the Good, Archbishop of Canterbury.
cross 1 October 959 Death of Eadwig, king of England.
cross 15 June 960 Death of St Eadburh of Winchester.
star 6 May 973 Birth of Henry II, known as Saint Henry the Exuberant, later Holy Roman Emperor.
cross 7 May 973 Death of Otto I, King of the East Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.
coronation 11 May 973 Coronation of Edgar the Peaceable, King of England.
cross 8 July 975 Death of Edgar the Peaceable, king of England.
murder 18 March 978 Assassination of Edward the Martyr, King of England.
coronation April 978 Coronation of Æthelred the Unready, crowned King of England.
cross 1 August 984 Death of Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester.
cross 2 March 986 Death of Lothair of France, King of the West Franks.
cross 1 December 986-969 Death of Harald Bluetooth, king of Denmark.
coronation 3 July 987 Coronation of Hugh Capet as King of the Franks.
plaque near Maldon 11 August 991 Battle of Maldon. Anglo-Saxons fight the Vikings.
coronation 21 May 996 Coronation of Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor.
battle 30 December 999 Battle of Glenn Máma, Ireland. Brian Boru v. Dublin Vikings.

11th Century

Date Description
Svold battle drawing 10 September 1000 Battle of the Svold. Sweyn Forkbeard v. Olaf Tryggvason.
Olaf Tryggvason drawing 10 September 1000 Death of Olaf Tryggvason, king of Norway.
coronation 25 December 1000 Coronation of Stephen I as king of Hungary.
cross 23 January 1002 Death of Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.
murder 13 November 1002 St Brice’s Day Massacre.
cross 13 November 1002 Death of Gunnhild Haraldsdatter, daughter of Harald Bluetooth and sister of
Sweyn Forkbeard, during the Brice’s day massacre.
star 4 May 1008 Birth of Henry I, later King of England.
battle 5 May 1010 Battle of Ringmere. An East Anglian fyrd fights Sweyn Forkbeard. The Danes win.
murder 19 April 1012 Murder of St Aelfheah, Archbishop of Canterbury, by the Danish Viking army.
coronation 25 December 1013 Coronation of Sweyn Forkbeard as king of England.
cross 3 February 1014 Death of Sweyn I ‘Forkbeard’, King of Denmark and England.
battle 23 April 1014 Battle of Clontarf. Brian Boru against Irish and Norsemen. Boru wins and dies.
cross 23 April 1014 Death of Sigurd the Stout, Earl of the Orkneys, at the battle of Clontarf.
cross 15 July 1015 Death of Vladimir the Great, Grand Prince of Kiev.
Aethelred II manuscript 23 April 1016 Death of King Æthelred the Unready, King of England.
coronation 23 April 1016 Coronation of Edmund Ironside as King of England. Son of Æthelred the Unready.
battle 9 May 1016 Battle of Brentford. Cnut the Great fights Edmund Ironside. The Anglo-Saxons wins.
cross 19 May 1016 Cnut the Great, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, successfully invades England.
marriage July 1016 Marriage of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy.
battle 18 October 1016 Battle of Assundun. The Danes v. English.
coronation 6 January 1017 Coronation of Cnut the Great as king of England.
medieval document 30 January 1018 Peace of Bautzen, Poland. End of Polish-German wars between
Bolesław the Great and Holy Roman Emperor Henry II.
cross 28 May 1023 Death of Wulfstan II ‘Lupus’, Archbishop of York.
cross 13 July 1024 Death of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor.
coronation 25 December 1025 Coronation of Mieszko II as king of Poland.
battle 29 July 1030 Battle of Stiklestad. Norwegian royals fight a peasant revolt. King Olaf the Saint dies.
battle 3 July 1035 William the Conqueror succeeds his father as Duke of Normandy.
cross 12 November 1035 Death of Cnut the Great, king of Denmark, England and Norway.
coronation 12 November 1035 Coronation of Harald I Harefoot as king of England.
marriage 29 June 1036 Marriage of Henry III of Germany and Gunhild, the daughter of Cnut the Great
and Emma of Normandy.
cross 18 July 1038 Death of Gunhild, daughter of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy,
wife of Henry III, King of Germany.
coronation 17 March 1040 Death of Harald Harefoot, King of England.
Emma of Normandy June 1040 Emma of Normandy and her son Harthacnut, King of Denmark, return to England after
Harald Harefoot’s death.
coronation June 1040 Coronation of Harthacnut III, son of Cnut the Great, as King of England.
coronation 8 June 1042 Death of Harthacnut, the last Scandinavian ruler of England.
coronation 3 April 1043 Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of England with support of the Vikings.
coronation 28 September 1043 Battle of Lyrskov Heath. Norwegians v. the Wends.
marriage 23 January 1045 Marriage of Edward the Confessor and Edith of Wessex.
coronation 25 December 1046 Coronation of Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
Emma of Normandy 6 March 1052 Death of Emma of Normandy. Queen of England, Denmark and Norway.
Wife of Aethelred the Unready and Cnut the Great.
murder 23 May 1052 Birth of Philip I, King of France.
cross 15 April 1053 Death of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.
coronation 11 January 1055 Coronation of Theodora as empress of the Byzantine Empire.
coronation 9 August 1062 Battle of Niså.
cross 4 January 1066 Death of Edward the Confessor, king of England.
coronation 6 January 1066 Coronation of Harald II Godwinsson as king of England.
comet 23 April 1066 Halley’s Comet visible. Embroidered on the Bayeux Tapestry.
battle 20 September 1066 Battle of Fulford.
battle 25 September 1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge.
cross 25 September 1066 Death of Harald Hardrada, king of Norway.
battle 14 October 1066 Battle of Hastings. Normans v English.
cross 14 October 1066 Death of Harald Godwinsson, king of England.
king 15 October 1066 Declaration Edgar Ætheling as king of England (but he is never crowned).
coronation 25 December 1066 Coronation of William the Conqueror as king of England.
Viking ship 25 December 1066 Start of the Norman conquest of England. End of the Viking Age in England.
star 1067 Birth of Ari Thorgilsson, author of Íslendingabók
coronation 11 May 1068 Coronation of Matilda of Flanders as Queen of England.
cross 28 April 1076 Death of Magnus II, King of Norway.
christian 28 January 1077 Conversion of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
drive out 14 February 1077 Excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, by the Pope.
loom 14 July 1077 The Bayeux Tapestry goes on its first display at the dedication of Bayeux Cathedral.
coronation April 1080 Coronation of Cnut II ‘the Holy’ as King of Denmark.
cross 17 April 1080 Death of Harald Whetstone, son of Sweyn II of Denmark.
medieval document 29 June 1080 Treaty of Ceprano. Peace between the Pope and the Normans
after the Norman conquest of southern Italy.
coronation 5 April 1081 Coronation of Alexios Komnenor as Byzantine Emperor.
cross 2 November 1083 Death of Matilda of Flanders, queen of England, duchess of Normandy.
murder 10 July 1086 Murder of Cnut the Holy, king of Denmark.
coronation July (after 10) 1086 Coronation of Olaf I ‘Hunger’ of Denmark.
cross 9 September 1087 Death of William the Conqueror.
battle 13 November 1093 Battle of Alnwick.
cross 13 November 1093 Death of Malcolm III, king of Scotland.
battle June-July 1098 Battle of Anglesey Sound. Magnus ‘Barefoot’ fights the Anglo-Saxon (Normans).
Magnus wins.

12th Century

Date Description
cross 10 July 1103 Death of Erik I, King of Denmark.
cross 7 August 1106 Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
murder 16 April 1117 Murder of Magnus Erlendsson (aka Saint Magnus), son of the Jarl of Orkney.
murder 2 March 1127 Murder of Charles I ‘the Good’, Count of Flanders.
star 14 January 1131 Birth of Valdemar the Great, later king of Denmark.
cross 4 June 1134 Death of Magnus I, King of Sweden.
star 1179 Birth of Snorri Sturluson, author of Heimskringla.
cross 15 June 1184 Death of Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway.

13th Century

Date Description
cross 23 September 1241 Death of Snorri Sturluson.