January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

January

Date Description
cross 1 January 898 Death of Odo I, king of the West Franks.
battle 4 January 871 Battle of Reading. The Saxons v. Vikings.
cross 4 January 1066 Death of Edward the Confessor, king of England.
Viking ship 6 January 793 Raid on Lindisfarne.
coronation 6 January 1017 Coronation of Cnut the Great as king of England.
coronation 6 January 1066 Coronation of Harald II Godwinsson as king of England.
battle 8 January 871 Battle of Ashdown. Saxons v. Vikings.
cross 8 January 871 Death of Bacsecg at the battle of Ashdown.
cross 13 January 858 Death of Æthelwulf, king of Wessex.
medieval document 16 January 939 Proclamation of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Spain by Abd al-Rahman III.
Old Basing river 22 January 871 Battle of Basing.
marriage 23 January 1045 Marriage of Edward the Confessor and Edith of Wessex.
cross 28 January 814 Death of Charlemagne, king of the Franks, Holy Roman Emperor.
attack January, 770 Saxons destroy the church of Saint Lebuinus in Deventer, Frisia.

February

Date Description
cross 3 February 865 Death of Ansgar, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
cross 3 February 1014 Death of Sweyn I ‘Forkbeard’, King of Denmark and England.
coronation 11 February 881 Coronation of Charles III ‘The Fat’, King of the West Franks as Holy Roman Emperor.
medieval document 14 February 842 The Oaths of Strasbourg. A peace treaty between Charles II ‘the Bald’ and Louis II ‘the German’.
drive out 14 February 1077 Excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, by the Pope.
coronation 29 February 888  Odo I proclaimed king of the West Franks.
Re-enactment battle February 880 Battle of Thiméon.

March

Date Description
cross 2 March 986 Death of Lothair of France, King of the West Franks.
murder 2 March 1127 Murder of Charles I ‘the Good’, Count of Flanders.
Emma of Normandy 6 March 1052 Death of Emma of Normandy. Queen of England, Denmark and Norway. Wife of Aethelred II ‘The Unready’ and Cnut I ‘The Great’.
cross 17 March 1040 Death of Harald Harefoot, King of England.
murder 18 March 978 Assassination of Edward the Martyr, King of England.
cross 21 March 867 Death of Ælla of Northumbria and Osberht of Northumbria.
battle 22 March 871 Battle of Marton. Saxons v Vikings.
attack 29 March 845 Siege of Paris. The Vikings leave with ransom money from the Parisians.

April

 

Date Description
star 2 April 742/47 Birth of Charlemagne, king of the Franks, Holy Roman Emperor.
coronation 3 April 1043 Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of England.
comet 10 April 837 Halley’s Comet races past earth at the closest range ever.
battle 11 April 882 Battle of Remich. Vikings fight the Franks.
cross 15 April 1053 Death of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.
star 16 April 778 Birth of Louis I ’the Pious’ of France. Son of Charlemagne and Hildegard.
murder 16 April 1117 Murder of Magnus Erlendsson (aka Saint Magnus), son of the Jarl of Orkney.
cross 17 April 1080 Death of Harald Whetstone, son of Sweyn II of Denmark.
cross 18 April 796 Death of Aethelred I, King of Northumbria.
murder 19 April 1012 Murder of St Aelfheah (or Alphege), Archbishop of Canterbury, by the Danish Viking army.
cross 23 April 871 Death of Æthelred I, King of Wessex.
battle 23 April 1014 Battle of Clontarf. Brian Boru against Irish and Norsemen. Boru wins and dies.
cross 23 April 1014 Death of Sigurd the Stout, Earl of the Orkneys, at the battle of Clontarf.
cross 23 April 1016 Death of King Æthelred II ‘the Unready’, King of England.
coronation 23 April 1016 Coronation of Edmund Ironside as King of England. Son of Æthelred the Unready.
comet 23 April 1066 Halley’s Comet visible. Embroidered on the Bayeux Tapestry.
cross 28 April 1076 Death of Magnus II, King of Norway.
coronation April 978 Coronation of Æthelred the Unready, son of Edgar the Peaceful, crowned King of England.
coronation April 1080 Coronation of Cnut II ‘the Holy’ as King of Denmark.

May

Date Description
star 4 May 1008 Birth of Henry I, later King of England.
battle 5 May 1010 Battle of Ringmere. An East Anglian fyrd fights Sweyn Forkbeard. The Danes win.
star 6 May 973 Birth of Henry II, known as Saint Henry the Exuberant, later Holy Roman Emperor.
cross 7 May 973 Death of Otto I, King of the East Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.
battle 9 May 1016 Battle of Brentford. Cnut the Great fights Edmund Ironside. The Anglo-Saxons wins.
coronation 11 May 973 Coronation of Edgar the Peaceable, King of England.
coronation 11 May 1068 Coronation of Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror, as Queen of England.
Viking ship 19 May 1016 Cnut the Great, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, successfully invades England.
cross 19 May 1024 Death of Alcuin of York who was famous for his letters about the attack on Lindisfarne.
coronation 21 May 996 Coronation of Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor.
star 23 May 1052 Birth of Philip I, King of France.
cross 26 May 946 Death of Edmund I, King of England.
cross 28 May 1023 Death of Wulfstan Lupus, Archbishop of York.
battle May 941 Rus’-Byzantine War. Igor I of Kiev fights the Byzantines. The Byzantines win.

June

Date Description
cross 2 June 958 Death of Oda the Good, Archbishop of Canterbury.
cross 4 June 1134 Death of Magnus I, King of Sweden.
cross 7 June 929 Death of Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders and daughter of Alfred the Great.
coronation 8 June 900 Coronation of Edward the Elder, son of Alfred the Great.
cross 8 June 1042 Death of Harthacnut, the last Scandinavian ruler of England.
cross 12 June 918 Death of Æthelflæd, Lady of Mercia, daughter of Alfred the Great.
star 13 June 823 Birth of Charles the Bald, King of the West Franks and Italy, Holy Roman Emperor.
star 13 June 839 Birth of Charles the Fat, King of the West Franks and Aquitaine, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.
cross 15 June 923 Death of Robert I, King of the Franks.
cross 15 June 960 Death of St Eadburh of Winchester.
cross 15 June 1184 Death of Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway.
Viking ship 24 June 843 Viking raid on Nantes.
battle 25 June 841 Battle of Fontenoy. End of the Carolingian civil war between Lothar I and his brothers Charles the Bald and Louis the German.
marriage 29 June 1036 Marriage of Henry III of Germany and Gunhild, the daughter of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy.
medieval document 29 June 1080 Treaty of Ceprano. Peace between the Pope and the Normans after the Norman conquest of southern Italy.
cross 30 June 888 Death of Æthelred, Archbishop of Canterbury.
murder June 885 Murder of Gudfred, Duke of Frisia.
elope June 1040 Emma of Normandy and her son Harthacnut, King of Denmark, return to England after Harald Harefoot’s death.
coronation June 1040 Coronation of Harthacnut III, son of Cnut the Great, as King of England.

July

Date Description
battle 2 July 866 Battle of Brissarthe. The Franks fight a Breton-
Viking army. The Breton-Vikings win.
cross 2 July 936 Death of Henry the Fowler, King of East Francia.
coronation 2 July 936 Coronation of Otto I as King of East Francia.
coronation 3 July 987 Coronation of Hugh Capet as King of the Franks.
king 3 July 1035 William the Conqueror succeeds his father as
Duke of Normandy.
cross 15 July 1015 Death of Vladimir the Great, Grand Prince of
Kiev.
saint 17 July 819 Feast of Saint Kenelm of Mercia.
cross 17 July 924 Death of Edward the Elder, King of England.
battle 17 July 1210 Battle of Gestilren. Sverker fights Eric X of
Sweden, and dies.
cross 18 July 1038 Death of Gunhild, daughter of Cnut the Great
and Emma of Normandy, wife of Henry III of
Germany.
attack 20 July 911 Siege of Chartres. Rollo Lodbrok and his Viking
army fight the Franks.
medieval document 25 July 864 Edict of Pistres. Charles the Bald has access to a
‘swift-response’ cavalry against the Vikings.
cross 29 July 796 Death of Offa, King of Mercia.
battle 29 July 1030 Battle of Stiklestad. Norwegian royals fight a
peasant revolt. King Olaf the Saint dies.
marriage July 1016 Marriage of Cnut the Great and Emma of
Normandy.
coronation July (a. 10) 1086 Coronation of Olaf Hunger of Denmark.
battle June-July 1098 Battle of Anglesey Sound. Magnus Barefoot
fights the Anglo-Saxon (Normans).

August

Date Description
battle 1 August 939 Battle of Trans-la-Forêt. The Vikings fight the Bretons.
cross 1 August 984 Death of Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester.
3 August 881 Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. The Vikings fight the Franks. This battle inspired the famous Ludwigslied.
battle 5 August 910 Battle of Tettenhall (Wednesfield). The Anglo-Saxons fight the Northumbrian Vikings. Death of Ingwær, King of Northumbria.
cross 7 August 1106 Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
medieval document 8 August 870 Treaty of Meerssen. Division of the Carolingian
empire among Louis I’s heirs.
battle 9 August 1062 Battle of Niså. Norwegians against Danes.
medieval document 10 August 843 Treaty of Verdun. The grandsons of Charlemagne divide the Carolingian Empire between them.
battle 10 August 955 Battle of Lechfeld. The East Franks fight off a Magyar invasion.
plaque near Maldon 11 August 991 Battle of Maldon. Anglo-Saxons fights the Vikings.
cross 14 August 1040 Death of Duncan I, King of Scotland.
coronation 14 August 1040 Coronation of Macbeth, King of Scotland.
battle 15 August 778 Battle of Roncevaux Pass. The Franks fights the Basks. Known from La Chanson de Roland.
cross 15 August 1038 Death of Stephen, King of Hungary.
cross 15 August 1057 Death of Macbeth, King of Scotland.
coronation 15 August 946 Coronation of Eadred I, King of England.
cross 18 August 1095 Death of Olaf Hunger, King of Denmark.
saint 20 August 1038 Feast of Saint Stephen, King of Hungary.
battle 22 August 917 Battle of Mag Femen. The Vikings of the Uí Ímair, against the Irish of the Northern Uí Néill.
medieval document 23 August 1059 Treaty of Melfi. The Pope recognises the Norman invasion of southern Italy.
cross 28 August 876 Death of Louis the German.

September

Date Description
coronation 4 September 925 Coronation of Æthelstan I as King of England.
star 8 September 801 Birth of Ansgar, a Frankish nobleman who
would be Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
cross 9 September 1087 Death of William the Conqueror.
battle 10 September 1000 Battle of the Svold. Sweyn Forkbeard v.
Olaf Tryggvason.
cross 10 September 1000 Death of Olaf Tryggvason, king of Norway.
coronation 13 September 813 Coronation of Louis the Pious as king of
Francia.
battle 13 September 908 Battle of Ballaghmoon. Irish clans fight each other.
battle 14 September 919 Battle of Islandbridge. Native Irish v. Dublin-Vikings.
battle 20 September 1066 Battle of Fulford. Vikings v Northumbrian earls.
cross 23 September 1241 Death of Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic chieftain, lawspeaker and scribe.
battle 25 September 1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge. Anglo-Saxons v Vikings.
cross 25 September 1066 Death of Harald Hardrada, king of Norway at the battle of Stamford Bridge.
battle 28 September 1043 Battle of Lyrskov Heath. Norwegians v. the Wends.
murder 29 September 1011 Murder of Archbishop Ælfheah.
battle September 825 Battle of Ellandun. Wessex v. Mercia
battle September 891 Battle of Leuven, Dyle. East Franks v. Vikings.

October

Date Description
marriage 1 October 856 Marriage of Æthelwulf, King of Wessex and Judith of France.
cross 1 October 959 Death of Eadwig, king of England.
coronation 5 October 816 Coronation of Louis the Pious by Pope
Stephen IV in Reims.
cross 6 October 877 Death of Charles II the Bald.
battle 14 October 1066 Battle of Hastings. Normans v English.
cross 14 October 1066 Death of Harald Godwinsson, king of England.
king 15 October 1066 Declaration Edgar Ætheling as king of England (but he is never crowned!).
battle 18 October 1016 Battle of Assundun. The Danes v. English.
cross 26 October 899 Death of Alfred the Great, king of England.
cross 27 October 939 Death of Æthelstan, King of England.
attack October 886 End of the Siege of Paris. The Vikings v. the
Franks.

November

Date Description
cross 2 November 1083 Death of Matilda of Flanders, queen of England, duchess of Normandy.
medieval document 7 November 921 Treaty of Bonn. Resolves the East-West Francia border conflict.
Viking ship 10 November 933 Óláf Guthrithson plunders Armagh, Ireland. He is King of Dublin a year later.
cross 12 November 1035 Death of Cnut the Great, king of Denmark, England and Norway.
coronation 12 November 1035 Coronation of Harald I Harefoot as king of
England.
saint 12 November Feast of Saint Lebuinus.
murder 13 November 1002 St Brice’s Day Massacre.
cross 13 November 1002 Death of Gunnhild Haraldsdatter, daughter of Harald Bluetooth and sister of Sweyn Forkbeard, during the St Brice’s Day Massacre.
battle 13 November 1093 Battle of Alnwick.
cross 13 November 1093 Death of Malcolm III, king of Scotland.
cross 20 November 869 Death of Edmund the Martyr.
battle 22 November 845 Battle of Ballong. Bretons fight the Franks.
attack 25 November 885 Start of the Siege of Paris. Vikings v. Franks.
coronation 29 November 939 Coronation of Edmund I as king of England.

December

Date Description
cross 1 December 986-969 Death of Harald Bluetooth, king of Denmark.
coronation 8 December 877 Coronation of Louis the Stammerer as king of the West Franks.
marriage 13 December 862 Marriage of Baldwin I of Flanders and Judith of France.
battle 13 December 902 Battle of the Holme. East Anglian Danes v. Anglo-Saxon Kents.
coronation 25 December 800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in Rome.
coronation 25 December 855 Coronation of Edmund the Martyr as king of East Anglia.
coronation 25 December 875 Coronation of Charles the Bald as king of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.
battle 25 December 884 Battle of Norditi. Frisians v. Danish Vikings.
coronation 25 December 1000 Coronation of Stephen I as king of Hungary.
coronation 25 December 1013 Coronation of Sweyn Forkbeard as king of England.
coronation 25 December 1025 Coronation of Mieszko II as king of Poland.
coronation 25 December 1046 Coronation of Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
coronation 25 December 1066 Coronation of William the Conqueror as king of England.
Viking ship 25 December 1066 Start of the Norman conquest of England. End of the Viking Age in England.