22 January 871Battle of Basing.
23 January 1045Marriage Edward the Confessor and Edith of Wessex.
January 770Saxons destroy the church of Saint Lebuinus in
Deventer, Frisia.


3 February 865Death of Ansgar, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
3 February 1014Death of Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark
and England.
11 February 881Coronation of Charles the Fat, King of the
West Franks, as Holy Roman Emperor.
14 February 842The Oaths of Strasbourg. A peace treaty
between Charles the Bald and Louis
the German.
14 February 1077Excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman
Emperor, by the Pope.
February 880Battle of Thiméon
February 888Coronation of Odo I, King of the West Franks.


2 March 986Death of Lothair of France, King of the West Franks.
2 March 1127Murder of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
6 March 1052Death of Emma of Normandy. Queen of England,
Denmark and Norway. Wife of Aethelred the
Unready and Cnut the Great.
17 March 1040 Death of Harald Harefoot, King of England.
18 March 978Assassination of Edward the Martyr, King of
21 March 867Death of Ælla of Northumbria and Osberht of
22 March 871Battle of Marton. Saxons v Vikings.
29 March 845Siege of Paris. The Vikings leave with ransom
money from the Parisians.


3 April 1043Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of
England with support of the Vikings.
5 April 1081Coronation of Alexios Komnenor as Byzantine
10 April 837Halley’s Comet races past earth at the closest
range ever.
11 April 882Battle of Remich. Vikings fight the Franks.
15 April 1053Death of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.
16 April 778Birth of Louis the Pious of France. Son of Charlemagne
and Hildegard.
16 April 1117Murder of Magnus Erlendsson (aka Saint Magnus),
son of the Jarl of Orkney.
17 April 1080Death of Harald Whetstone, son of Sweyn II of
18 April 796Death of Æthelred I, King of Northumbria.
19 April 1012Murder of St Ælfheah (or Alphege), Archbishop of
Canterbury, by the Danish Viking army.
23 April 871Death of Æthelred I, King of Wessex.
23 April 1014Battle of Clontarf. Brian Boru against Irish and
Norsemen. Boru wins and dies.
23 April 1014Death of Sigurd the Stout, Earl of the Orkneys,
at the battle of Clontarf.
23 April 1016Death of King Æthelred the Unready, King of England.
23 April 1016Coronation of Edmund Ironside as King of England.
Son of Æthelred the Unready.
23 April 1066Halley’s Comet visible. Embroidered on the Bayeux
28 April 1076Death of Magnus II, King of Norway.
April 978Coronation of Æthelred the Unready, son of Edgar
the Peaceable, crowned King of England.
April 1080Coronation of Cnut the Holy as King of Denmark.


4 May 1008Birth of Henry I, later King of England.
5 May 1010Battle of Ringmere. An East Anglian fyrd fights Sweyn
Forkbeard. The Danes win.
6 May 973Birth of Henry II, known as Saint Henry the Exuberant,
later Holy Roman Emperor.
7 May 973Death of Otto I, King of the East Franks and Holy Roman
9 May 1016Battle of Brentford. Cnut the Great fights Edmund
Ironside. The Anglo-Saxons wins.
11 May 973Coronation of Edgar the Peaceable, King of England.
11 May 1068Coronation of Matilda of Flanders, wife of William
the Conqueror, as Queen of England.
19 May 1016Cnut the Great, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, successfully
invades England.
19 May 1024Death of Alcuin of York who was famous for his letters
about the attack on Lindisfarne.
21 May 996Coronation of Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor.
23 May 1052Birth of Philip I, King of France.
26 May 946Death of Edmund I, King of England.
28 May 1023Death of Wulfstan Lupus, Archbishop of York.
May 941Rus’-Byzantine War. Igor I of Kiev fights the Byzantines.
The Byzantines win.


2 June 958Death of Oda the Good, Archbishop of Canterbury.
4 June 1134Death of Magnus I, King of Sweden.
7 June 929Death of Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders and
daughter of Alfred the Great.
8 June 900Coronation of Edward the Elder, son of Alfred
the Great.
8 June 1042Death of Harthacnut, the last Scandinavian ruler
of England.
12 June 918Death of Æthelflæd, Lady of Mercia, daughter of
Alfred the Great.
13 June 823Birth of Charles the Bald, King of the West Franks
and Italy, Holy Roman Emperor.
13 June 839Birth of Charles the Fat, King of the West Franks
and Aquitaine, King of Italy and Holy Roman
15 June 923Death of Robert I, King of the Franks.
15 June 960Death of St Eadburh of Winchester.
15 June 1184Death of Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway.
24 June 843Viking raid on Nantes.
25 June 841Battle of Fontenoy. End of the Carolingian civil
war between Lothar I and his brothers Charles
the Bald and Louis the German.
29 June 1036Marriage of Henry III of Germany and Gunhild,
the daughter of Cnut the Great and Emma of
29 June 1080Treaty of Ceprano. Peace between the Pope and
the Normans after the Norman conquest of
southern Italy.
30 June 888Death of Æthelred, Archbishop of Canterbury.
June 885Murder of Gudfred, Duke of Frisia.
June 1040Emma of Normandy and her son Harthacnut,
King of Denmark, return to England after
Harald Harefoot’s death.
June 1040Coronation of Harthacnut III, son of Cnut the
Great, as King of England.


June-July 1098Battle of Anglesey Sound. Magnus Barefoot
fights the Anglo-Saxon (Normans).
2 July 866Battle of Brissarthe. The Franks fight a Breton-
Viking army. The Breton-Vikings win.
2 July 936Death of Henry the Fowler, King of East Francia.
2 July 936Coronation of Otto I as King of East Francia.
3 July 987Coronation of Hugh Capet as King of the Franks.
3 July 1035William the Conqueror succeeds his father as
Duke of Normandy.
15 July 1015Death of Vladimir the Great, Grand Prince of
17 July 819Feast of Saint Kenelm of Mercia.
17 July 924Death of Edward the Elder, King of England.
17 July 1210Battle of Gestilren. Sverker fights Eric X of
Sweden, and dies.
18 July 1038Death of Gunhild, daughter of Cnut the Great
and Emma of Normandy, wife of Henry III of
20 July 911Siege of Chartres. Rollo Lodbrok and his Viking
army fight the Franks.
25 July 864Edict of Pistres. Charles the Bald has access to a
‘swift-response’ cavalry against the Vikings.
29 July 796Death of Offa, King of Mercia.
29 July 1030Battle of Stiklestad. Norwegian royals fight a
peasant revolt. King Olaf the Saint dies.
July 1016Marriage of Cnut the Great and Emma of
July (a. 10) 1086Coronation of Olaf Hunger of Denmark.


1 August 939Battle of Trans-la-Forêt. The Vikings fight the
1 August 984Death of Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester.
3 August 881Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. The Vikings fight
the Franks. This battle inspired the famous
5 August 910Battle of Tettenhall (Wednesfield). The
Anglo-Saxons fight the Northumbrian Vikings.
Death of Ingwær, King of Northumbria.
7 August 1106Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
8 August 870Treaty of Meerssen. Division of the Carolingian
empire among Louis I’s heirs.
9 August 1062Battle of Niså. Norwegians against Danes.
10 August 843Treaty of Verdun.
10 August 955Battle of Lechfeld. The East Franks fight
off a Magyar invasion.
11 August 991Battle of Maldon. Anglo-Saxons fights the
14 August 1040Death of Duncan I, King of Scotland.
14 August 1040Coronation of Macbeth, King of Scotland.
15 August 778Battle of Roncevaux Pass. The Franks fights
the Basks. Known form the legend of Roland.
15 August 1038Death of Stephen, King of Hungary.
15 August 1057Death of Macbeth, King of Scotland.
15 August 946Coronation of Eadred I, King of England.
18 August 1095Death of Olaf Hunger, King of Denmark.
20 August 1038Feast of Saint Stephen, King of Hungary.
22 August 917Battle of Mag Femen. The Vikings of the
Uí Ímair, against the Irish of the Northern
Uí Néill.
23 August 1059Treaty of Melfi. The Pope recognises the
Norman invasion of southern Italy.
28 August 876Death of Louis the German.


4 September 925Coronation of Æthelstan I as King of England.
8 September 801Birth of Ansgar, a Frankish nobleman who
would be Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.
9 September 1087Death of William the Conqueror.
10 September 1000Battle of the Svold. Sweyn Forkbeard v.
Olaf Tryggvason.
10 September 1000Death of Olaf Tryggvason, king of Norway.
13 September 813Coronation of Louis the Pious as king of
13 September 908Battle of Ballaghmoon. Irish clans fight
each other.
14 September 919Battle of Islandbridge. Native Irish v.
20 September 1066Battle of Fulford. Vikings v Northumbrian
23 September 1241Death of Snorri Sturluson.
25 September 1066Battle of Stamford Bridge. Anglo-Saxons v
25 September 1066Death of Harald Hardrada, king of Norway
at the battle of Stamford Bridge.
28 September 1043Battle of Lyrskov Heath. Norwegians v. the
29 September 1011Murder of Archbishop Ælfheah.
September 825Battle of Ellandun. Wessex v. Mercia
September 891Battle of Leuven, Dyle. East Franks v. Vikings.


1 October 856Marriage of Æthelwulf, King of Wessex and
Judith of France.
1 October 959Death of Eadwig, king of England.
5 October 816Coronation of Louis the Pious by Pope
Stephen IV in Reims.
6 October 877Death of Charles II the Bald.
14 October 1066Battle of Hastings. Normans v English.
14 October 1066Death of Harald Godwinsson, king of England.
15 October 1066Declaration Edgar Ætheling as king of England
(but he is never crowned!).
18 October 1016Battle of Assundun. The Danes v. English.
26 October 899Death of Alfred the Great, king of England.
27 October 939Death of Æthelstan, King of England.
October 886End of the Siege of Paris. The Vikings v. the


2 November 1083Death of Matilda of Flanders, queen
of England, duchess of Normandy.
7 November 921Treaty of Bonn. Resolves the East-West
Francia border conflict.
10 November 933Óláf Guthrithson plunder Armagh, Ireland.
He is King of Dublin a year later.
12 November 1035Death of Cnut the Great, king of Denmark,
England and Norway.
12 November 1035Coronation of Harald I Harefoot as king of
12 NovemberFeast of Saint Lebuinus.
13 November 1002St Brice’s Day Massacre.
13 November 1002Death of Gunnhild Haraldsdatter, daughter
of Harald Bluetooth and sister of Sweyn
Forkbeard, during the St Brice’s Day Massacre.
13 November 1093Battle of Alnwick.
13 November 1093Death of Malcolm III, king of Scotland.
20 November 869Death of Edmund the Martyr, king of
East Anglia.
22 November 845Battle of Ballong. Bretons fight the Franks.
25 November 885Start of the Siege of Paris. Vikings v. Franks.
29 November 939Coronation of Edmund I as king of England.


1 December 986-969Death of Harald Bluetooth, king of Denmark.
8 December 877Coronation of Louis the Stammerer as king
of the West Franks.

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