8th Century

Manuscript image St Lebuinus

January 770

Saxons destroy the church of Saint Lebuinus in Deventer, Frisia.

16 April 778

Birth of Louis I ‘the Pious’. Son of Charlemagne and Hildegard.

15 August 778

Battle of Roncevaux Pass. The Franks fights the Basks. Known form the legend of Roland.

18 April 796

Death of Æthelred I, King of Northumbria.

29 July 796

Death of Offa, King of Mercia.

9th Century

8 September 801

Birth of Ansgar, a Frankish nobleman who would be Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen.

8 July 810

Death of Pepin, son of Charlemagne.

13 September 813

Coronation of Louis the Pious as king of Francia.

5 October 816

Coronation of Louis the Pious by Pope Stephen IV in Reims.

17 July 819

Feast of Saint Kenelm of Mercia.

13 June 823

Birth of Charles II ‘the Bald’. King of the West Franks and Italy, also Holy Roman Emperor.

September 825

Battle of Ellandun. Wessex v. Mercia

10 April 837

Halley’s Comet races past earth at the closest range ever.

13 June 839

Birth of Charles III ‘the Fat’. King of the West Franks, Aquitaine, Italy. Also Holy Roman Emperor.

25 June 841

Battle of Fontenoy, France.

14 February 842

The Oaths of Strassbourg. A pact between Charles the Bald and Louis the German, and their brother emperor Lothar.

24 June 843

Viking raid on Nantes, France.

10 August 843

Treaty of Verdun.

29 March 845

Siege of Paris, France

1 October 856

Marriage of Æthelwulf, King of Wessex and Judith of France.

25 July 864

Edict of Pistres. Charles the Bald has access to a ‘swift-response’ cavalry against the Vikings.

3 February 865

Death and Feastday of Ansgar, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. Read more.

2 July 866

Battle of Brissarthe. The Franks fight an army of Bretons and Vikings.

21 March 867

Death of Ælla of Northumbria and Osberht of Northumbria die in a battle against the Vikings.

8 August 870

Treaty of Meerssen. Division of the Carolingian empire
among Louis I’s heirs.

22 January 871

Battle of Basing, Great Britain. Between the Wessex Saxons and the Danes. Read More.

22 March 871

Battle of Marton. More Wessex Saxons against Danes.

23 April 871

Death of Æthelred I, King of Wessex.

28 August 876

Death of Louis the German.

6 October 877

Death of Charles II the Bald.

February 880

Battle of Thiméon. The Franks fight the Vikings. Read more.

12 February 881

Coronation of Charles the Fat as Holy Roman Emperor.

3 August 881

Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. The Vikings fight the Franks. This battle inspired the famous Ludwigslied.

11 April 882

Battle of Remich. Vikings fight the Franks.

June 885

Murder of Gudfred, the Viking Duke of Frisia. Read More.


October 886

End of the Siege of Paris. The Vikings v. the Franks.

February 888

Coronation of Odo I as King of the West Franks.

30 June 888

Death of Æthelred, Archbishop of Canterbury.

September 891

Battle of Leuven, Dyle. East Franks v. Vikings.


26 October 899

Death of Alfred the Great, king of England.

10th Century

8 June 900

Coronation of Edward ‘the Elder’, son of Alfred the Great.

13 September 908

Battle of Ballaghmoon. Irish clans fight each other.

5 August 910

Battle of Tettenhall (Wednesfield). The Anglo-Saxons fight the Northumbrian Vikings. Death of Ingwær,
King of Northumbria.

20 July 911

Siege of Chartres. The Vikings fights the Franks.

22 August 917

Battle of Mag Femen. The Vikings of the Uí Ímair, against the Irish of the Northern Uí Néill.

12 June 918

Death of Æthelflæd, Lady of Mercia, daughter of Alfred the Great.

14 September 919

Battle of Islandbridge. Native Irish v. Dublin-Vikings.

medieval document

7 November 921

Treaty of Bonn. Resolves the East-West Francia border conflict.

15 June 923

Death of Robert I, King of the Franks.

17 July 924

Death of Edward the Elder, King of England.

4 September 925

Coronation of Æthelstan I as King of England.

12 July 927

Treaty between Scots and Anglo-Saxons.

7 June 929

Death of Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders and daughter of Alfred the Great.

2 July 936

Death of Henry ‘the Fowler’, King of East Francia.

2 July 936

Coronation of Otto I as King of East Francia.

1 August 939

Battle of Trans-la-Forêt. The Vikings fight the Bretons.


27 October 939

Death of Æthelstan, King of England.

May 941

Rus’-Byzantine War. Igor I of Kiev fights the Byzantines. The Byzantines win.

26 May 946

Death of Edmund I, King of England.

15 August 946

Coronation of Eadred I, King of England

10 August 955

Battle of Lechfeld. The East Franks fight off a Magyar invasion.

2 June 958

Death of Oda ‘the Good’, Archbishop of Canterbury.

1 October 959

Death of Eadwig, king of England.

Early 960s

Birth of Ælfgifu of York. Read more.

15 June 960

Death and Feastday of St Eadburh of Winchester.

6 May 973

Birth of Henry II, known as Saint Henry the Exuberant, later Holy Roman Emperor.

7 May 973

Death of Otto I, King of the East Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.

11 May 973

Coronation of Edgar the Peaceable, king of England.

8 July 975

Death of Edgar the Peaceable.

18 March 978

Assassination of Edward the Martyr, King of England. Read More.

April 978

Coronation of Æthelred the Unready, son of Edgar the Peaceable, as King of England. Read More.

Early 980s

Marriage of Æthelred the Unready and Ælfgifu of York. Read more.

1 August 984

Death of Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester.

2 March 986

Death of Lothair of France, King of the West Franks.

3 July 987

Coronation of Hugh Capet as King of the Franks.

11 August 991

Battle of Maldon. Anglo-Saxons fight the Vikings.

21 May 996

Coronation of Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor.

11th Century

10 September 1000

Battle of the Svold. Death of Olaf Tryggvason. Read more.

4 May 1008

Birth of Henry I, later King of England.

5 May 1010

Battle of Ringmere. Anglo-Saxons fight the Danes.

29 September 1011

Murder of Archbishop Ælfheah.

19 April 1012

Murder of St Aelfheah (or Alphege), Archbishop of Canterbury, by the Danish Viking army. Read More.

3 February 1014

Death of Sweyn I ‘Forkbeard’, King of Denmark and England. Read More.

23 April 1014

Battle of Clontarf. Brian Boru against Irish and Norsemen. Boru wins and dies. Read More.

23 April 1014

Death of Sigurd the Stout, Earl of the Orkneys, at the battle of Clontarf.

15 July 1015

Death of Vladimir the Great, Grand Prince of Kiev.

23 April 1016

Death of King Æthelred II ‘the Unready’, King of England. Read More.

23 April 1016

Coronation of Edmund Ironside as King of England. Son of Æthelred the Unready.

9 May 1016

Battle of Brentford. Cnut the Great fights Edmund Ironside. The Anglo-Saxons wins.

19 May 1016

Cnut the Great, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, successfully complete the invasion of England.

July 1016

Marriage of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy.


18 October 1016

Battle of Assundun. The Danes v. English.

28 May 1023

Death of Wulfstan II ‘Lupus’, Archbishop of York.

19 May 1024

Death of Alcuin of York who was famous for his letters about the attack on Lindisfarne.

13 July 1024

Death of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor.

29 July 1030

Battle of Stiklestad. Norwegian royals fight a peasant revolt. King Olaf the Saint dies.

3 July 1035

William the Conqueror succeeds his father as Duke of Normandy.

29 June 1036

Marriage of Henry III of Germany and Gunhild, the daughter of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy.

18 July 1038

Death of Gunhild, daughter of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy, wife of Henry III of Germany.

15 August 1038

Death of Stephen, King of Hungary

20 August 1038

Feast of Saint Stephen, King of Hungary.

17 March 1040

Death of Harald Harefoot, King of England.

June 1040

Emma of Normandy and her son Harthacnut, King of Denmark, return to England after Harald Harefoot’s death.

June 1040

Coronation of Harthacnut III, son of Cnut the Great, as King of England.

14 August 1040

Death of Duncan I, King of Scotland

14 August 1040

Coronation of Macbeth, King of Scotland

8 June 1042

Death of Harthacnut, the last Scandinavian ruler of England.

3 April 1043

Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of England with support of the Vikings.

28 September 1043

Battle of Lyrskov Heath. Norwegians v. the Wends.

23 January 1045

Marriage of Edward the Confessor and Edith of Wessex.

6 March 1052

Death of Emma of Normandy. Queen of England, Denmark and Norway. Wife of Aethelred II ‘The Unready’ and Cnut I ‘The Great’.

23 May 1052

Birth of Philip I, King of France.

15 April 1053

Death of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.

15 August 1057

Death of Macbeth, King of Scotland.

23 August 1059

Treaty of Melfi. The Pope recognises the Norman invasion of southern Italy.

9 August 1062

Battle of Niså. Norwegians against Danes.

23 April 1066

Halley’s Comet visible. Embroidered on the Bayeux Tapestry. Read More.

20 September 1066

Battle of Fulford.

25 September 1066

Battle of Stamford Bridge.

25 September 1066

Death of Harald Hardrada, king of Norway.


14 October 1066

Battle of Hastings. Normans v English.


14 October 1066

Death of Harald Godwinsson, king of England.


15 October 1066

Declaration Edgar Ætheling as king of England (but he is never crowned!).

11 May 1068

Coronation of Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror, as Queen of England.

28 April 1076

Death of Magnus II, King of Norway.

14 February 1077

Excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, by the Pope.

14 July 1077

The Bayeux Tapestry goes on its first display at the dedication of Bayeux Cathedral.

17 April 1080

Coronation of Cnut II ‘the Holy’ as King of Denmark.

17 April 1080

Death of Harald Whetstone, son of Sweyn II of Denmark.

29 June 1080

Treaty of Ceprano. Peace between the Pope and the Normans after the Norman conquest of southern Italy.

5 April 1081

Coronation of Alexios Komnenor as Byzantine Emperor.


2 November 1083

Death of Matilda of Flanders, queen of England, duchess of Normandy.duchess of Normandy.

10 July 1086

Murder of Cnut the Holy, king of Denmark.

after 10 July 1086

Coronation of Olaf I ‘Hunger’ of Denmark.

9 September 1087

Death of William the Conqueror.

18 August 1095

Death of Olaf Hunger, King of Denmark.

June-July 1098

Battle of Anglesey Sound. Magnus ‘Barefoot’ fights the Anglo-Saxon (Normans). Magnus wins.

12th Century

10 July 1103

Death of Erik I, King of Denmark.

7 August 1106

Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

16 April 1117

Murder of Magnus Erlendsson (aka Saint Magnus), son of the Jarl of Orkney.

2 March 1127

Murder of Charles I ‘the Good’, Count of Flanders.

4 June 1134

Death of Magnus I, King of Sweden.

13th Century

23 September 1241

Death of Snorri Sturluson.

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