Saxons destroy the church of Saint Lebuinus in Deventer, Frisia.
16 April 778
Birth of Louis I ‘the Pious’. Son of Charlemagne and Hildegard.
15 August 778
Battle of Roncevaux Pass. The Franks fights the Basks. Known form the legend of Roland.
18 April 796
Death of Æthelred I, King of Northumbria.
29 July 796
Death of Offa, King of Mercia.
8 July 810
Death of Pepin, son of Charlemagne.
17 July 819
Feast of Saint Kenelm of Mercia.
13 June 823
Birth of Charles II ‘the Bald’. King of the West Franks and Italy, also Holy Roman Emperor.
10 April 837
Halley’s Comet races past earth at the closest range ever.
13 June 839
Birth of Charles III ‘the Fat’. King of the West Franks, Aquitaine, Italy. Also Holy Roman Emperor.
25 June 841
Battle of Fontenoy, France.
14 February 842
The Oaths of Strassbourg. A pact between Charles the Bald and Louis the German, and their brother emperor Lothar.
24 June 843
Viking raid on Nantes, France.
10 August 843
Treaty of Verdun.
29 March 845
Siege of Paris, France
25 July 864
Edict of Pistres. Charles the Bald has access to a ‘swift-response’ cavalry against the Vikings.
3 February 865
Death and Feastday of Ansgar, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. Read more.
2 July 866
Battle of Brissarthe. The Franks fight an army of Bretons and Vikings.
21 March 867
Death of Ælla of Northumbria and Osberht of Northumbria die in a battle against the Vikings.
8 August 870
Treaty of Meerssen. Division of the Carolingian empire
among Louis I’s heirs.
22 January 871
Battle of Basing, Great Britain. Between the Wessex Saxons and the Danes. Read More.
22 March 871
Battle of Marton. More Wessex Saxons against Danes.
23 April 871
Death of Æthelred I, King of Wessex.
Battle of Thiméon. The Franks fight the Vikings. Read more.
12 February 881
Coronation of Charles the Fat as Holy Roman Emperor.
3 August 881
Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. The Vikings fight the Franks. This battle inspired the famous Ludwigslied.
11 April 882
Battle of Remich. Vikings fight the Franks.
Murder of Gudfred, the Viking Duke of Frisia. Read More.
Coronation of Odo I as King of the West Franks.
30 June 888
Death of Æthelred, Archbishop of Canterbury.
8 June 900
Coronation of Edward ‘the Elder’, son of Alfred the Great.
5 August 910
Battle of Tettenhall (Wednesfield). The Anglo-Saxons fight the Northumbrian Vikings. Death of Ingwær,
King of Northumbria.
20 July 911
Siege of Chartres. The Vikings fights the Franks.
22 August 917
Battle of Mag Femen. The Vikings of the Uí Ímair, against the Irish of the Northern Uí Néill.
12 June 918
Death of Æthelflæd, Lady of Mercia, daughter of Alfred the Great.
15 June 923
Death of Robert I, King of the Franks.
17 July 924
Death of Edward the Elder, King of England.
12 July 927
Treaty between Scots and Anglo-Saxons.
7 June 929
Death of Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders and daughter of Alfred the Great.
2 July 936
Death of Henry ‘the Fowler’, King of East Francia.
2 July 936
Coronation of Otto I as King of East Francia.
1 August 939
Battle of Trans-la-Forêt. The Vikings fight the Bretons.
Rus’-Byzantine War. Igor I of Kiev fights the Byzantines. The Byzantines win.
26 May 946
Death of Edmund I, King of England.
15 August 946
Coronation of Eadred I, King of England
10 August 955
Battle of Lechfeld. The East Franks fight off a Magyar invasion.
2 June 958
Death of Oda ‘the Good’, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Birth of Ælfgifu of York. Read more.
15 June 960
Death and Feastday of St Eadburh of Winchester.
6 May 973
Birth of Henry II, known as Saint Henry the Exuberant, later Holy Roman Emperor.
7 May 973
Death of Otto I, King of the East Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.
11 May 973
Coronation of Edgar the Peaceable, king of England.
8 July 975
Death of Edgar the Peaceable.
18 March 978
Assassination of Edward the Martyr, King of England. Read More.
Coronation of Æthelred the Unready, son of Edgar the Peaceable, as King of England. Read More.
Marriage of Æthelred the Unready and Ælfgifu of York. Read more.
1 August 984
Death of Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester.
2 March 986
Death of Lothair of France, King of the West Franks.
3 July 987
Coronation of Hugh Capet as King of the Franks.
21 May 996
Coronation of Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor.
Battle of the Svold. Death of Olaf Tryggvason. Read more.
4 May 1008
Birth of Henry I, later King of England.
5 May 1010
Battle of Ringmere. Anglo-Saxons fight the Danes.
19 April 1012
Murder of St Aelfheah (or Alphege), Archbishop of Canterbury, by the Danish Viking army. Read More.
3 February 1014
Death of Sweyn I ‘Forkbeard’, King of Denmark and England. Read More.
23 April 1014
Battle of Clontarf. Brian Boru against Irish and Norsemen. Boru wins and dies. Read More.
23 April 1014
Death of Sigurd the Stout, Earl of the Orkneys, at the battle of Clontarf.
15 July 1015
Death of Vladimir the Great, Grand Prince of Kiev.
23 April 1016
Death of King Æthelred II ‘the Unready’, King of England. Read More.
23 April 1016
Coronation of Edmund Ironside as King of England. Son of Æthelred the Unready.
9 May 1016
Battle of Brentford. Cnut the Great fights Edmund Ironside. The Anglo-Saxons wins.
19 May 1016
Cnut the Great, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, successfully complete the invasion of England.
Marriage of Cnut the Great and Emma of Normandy.
28 May 1023
Death of Wulfstan II ‘Lupus’, Archbishop of York.
19 May 1024
Death of Alcuin of York who was famous for his letters about the attack on Lindisfarne.
13 July 1024
Death of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor.
29 July 1030
Battle of Stiklestad. Norwegian royals fight a peasant revolt. King Olaf the Saint dies.
3 July 1035
William the Conqueror succeeds his father as Duke of Normandy.
15 August 1038
Death of Stephen, King of Hungary
20 August 1038
Feast of Saint Stephen, King of Hungary.
17 March 1040
Death of Harald Harefoot, King of England.
Emma of Normandy and her son Harthacnut, King of Denmark, return to England after Harald Harefoot’s death.
Coronation of Harthacnut III, son of Cnut the Great, as King of England.
14 August 1040
Death of Duncan I, King of Scotland
14 August 1040
Coronation of Macbeth, King of Scotland
8 June 1042
Death of Harthacnut, the last Scandinavian ruler of England.
3 April 1043
Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of England with support of the Vikings.
23 January 1045
Marriage of Edward the Confessor and Edith of Wessex.
6 March 1052
Death of Emma of Normandy. Queen of England, Denmark and Norway. Wife of Aethelred II ‘The Unready’ and Cnut I ‘The Great’.
23 May 1052
Birth of Philip I, King of France.
15 April 1053
Death of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.
15 August 1057
Death of Macbeth, King of Scotland.
23 August 1059
Treaty of Melfi. The Pope recognises the Norman invasion of southern Italy.
9 August 1062
Battle of Niså. Norwegians against Danes.
23 April 1066
Halley’s Comet visible. Embroidered on the Bayeux Tapestry. Read More.
11 May 1068
Coronation of Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror, as Queen of England.
28 April 1076
Death of Magnus II, King of Norway.
14 February 1077
Excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, by the Pope.
14 July 1077
The Bayeux Tapestry goes on its first display at the dedication of Bayeux Cathedral.
17 April 1080
Coronation of Cnut II ‘the Holy’ as King of Denmark.
17 April 1080
Death of Harald Whetstone, son of Sweyn II of Denmark.
29 June 1080
Treaty of Ceprano. Peace between the Pope and the Normans after the Norman conquest of southern Italy.
5 April 1081
Coronation of Alexios Komnenor as Byzantine Emperor.
10 July 1086
Murder of Cnut the Holy, king of Denmark.
after 10 July 1086
Coronation of Olaf I ‘Hunger’ of Denmark.
18 August 1095
Death of Olaf Hunger, King of Denmark.
Battle of Anglesey Sound. Magnus ‘Barefoot’ fights the Anglo-Saxon (Normans). Magnus wins.
10 July 1103
Death of Erik I, King of Denmark.
7 August 1106
Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
16 April 1117
Murder of Magnus Erlendsson (aka Saint Magnus), son of the Jarl of Orkney.
2 March 1127
Murder of Charles I ‘the Good’, Count of Flanders.
4 June 1134
Death of Magnus I, King of Sweden.